Today, approximately 80 % of the whole energy consumption is from fossil fuels. 2/3 of electricity generation and almost all of the energy needed in transportation are met by fossil fuels. The biggest problems caused by the use of fossil fules are air pollution, CO2 emission and global warming. Kyoto protocol signed in 1997 requires that all countries take the necessary precautions to reduce CO2 emission. Since the fossil fuels will run out in the future and they have adverse effects on the environment, it has become very important to find alternative and renewable sources of energy. It is necessary that these new sources should be clean and environmental friendly, and should not cause global warming, pose any risk on environment or human life, or bring extra load on economy. They should be suitable for continous use and prevent energy dependancy on foreign sources.
Since it is not easy to give up traditional energy production methods or to change energy utilization habbits, what needs to be done today is to work on minimizing the hazards caused by the traditional energy sources, and to try to increase the share of the renewable energy sources in time. Improving the quality of the existing burning systems, purification of burning gasses, and use of less polluting fuuels such as biodissel and biogasoline can be considered in this context. More importantly, we should all work to take advantage of non-emitting, reliable, renewable energy sources such as solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, heat pumps and hidrolic power.
Although solar and wind powers have great potentials, their availabilities vary in time. This requires the use of some kind of energy storage mechanism. Storing Hydrogen for this purpose seems to have the highest potential for the future. Converting the solar power to hydrogen by using water and storing the hydrogen to use whenever needed as a fuel or in a fuel cell to produce electricity is one of the most logical solutions. This method does not have any adverse effect on environment. It is necessary to start building the technological infrastructure needed for this process which is the most promising energy conversion method of this century, not only for Turkey but also for the whole world.
TEMENAR research group has the objectives of involving in all kinds of interdisciplinary research and development projects aiming at generation and use of clean energy, cooperation with other institutions with similar interests, providing education and consultation services, and engaging in activities to enlighten public in these issues.